It is illegal to grow marijuana at home in Texas as marijuana is considered a Schedule I substance under the Texas Controlled Substance Act (TCSA). The state prohibits residents from growing their own marijuana and only licensed dispensary organizations are permitted to cultivate, process, and dispense low-THC marijuana to patients registered under the state's Compassionate Use Program. Although Texas does not issue physical medical marijuana cards, Texans registered in the Compassionate Use Registry of Texas (CURT) can access medical marijuana. However, the CURT makes no provisions or regulations on how to grow your own marijuana regardless of your patient status. Hence, growing marijuana at home is illegal even for registered medical marijuana patients.
Texas has stringent laws on marijuana possession. The state makes no provision for licensing individuals to cultivate marijuana for dispensaries. The license issued to dispensary organizations authorizes the business establishments to cultivate, process, and dispense their own marijuana.
Growing marijuana plants unlawfully is considered a marijuana possession offense in Texas. Per Texas Health and Safety Code Section 481.121, Texas defines marijuana possession to occur when a person knowingly or willfully possesses a usable quantity of marijuana. If an individual is discovered to be the owner of an illegal grow house, such a person may be charged for marijuana possession. The penalty for possessing cannabis varies from 180 days in jail to 99 years in prison. The severity of the punishment will be determined by the number of marijuana plants grown by the offender.
Public agencies in Texas do not provide instructions or assistance on how to grow marijuana indoors as the state only permits select and licensed businesses to cultivate marijuana. While residents may find instructions on how to grow marijuana inside on public websites, cultivating marijuana remains illegal within the borders of Texas.
Many conventional cannabis cultivators, especially budding cultivators looking to increase grow yields, often ask the question, "what is a hydroponic weed"? Hydroponic weed is weed grown in an inert, sterile growing medium rather than soil. Hydroponically grown marijuana receives all of its nutrient needs through a mix of nutrient solution and water. Air and water nutrients are introduced directly to the plant roots via the growing medium in a hydroponic setup. Hence, the plant can grow more quickly because it does not have to compete for nutrients or expend energy to extract nutrients from soil.
Before researching how to grow hydroponic weed, you should understand the merits and demerits of growing weed hydroponically. There are several advantages to growing marijuana in a hydroponic medium. A hydroponic medium:
The disadvantages of using a hydroponic medium include the following:
When setting up a hydroponic system, you can choose a passive or active setup. An active hydroponic system operates by actively circulating a nutrient solution through the roots of your plants. A passive hydroponic system delivers nutrients to your plants through a capillary or wick system. The wick pulls the nutrient solution from the reservoir up to the plant's growth medium and root system. A passive hydroponic system has no moving components and is simple to set up.
The first step to consider in growing marijuana hydroponically is to decide where the hydroponic system will be set up. In most circumstances, using a grow box is the ideal choice since it provides most of what is required. Once you have the box, make sure it is clean, free of dirt, and placed in a safe location. If you have a spare room, you may use it to set up your hydroponic system. Water leakage is one of the most common challenges of a hydroponic setup; therefore, it is critical to safeguard any flooring in the room. This may be accomplished by laying plastic sheeting on the floor and placing trays underneath the hydroponic system. Raising your hydroponic system above ground level might be advantageous for various reasons. It can help you drain water more easily, keep the reservoir at a stable temperature, and access the system for maintenance.
Subsequently, you must choose a hydroponic system that will meet your demands as well as the space you have available. The fundamental distinction between modern hydroponic systems and earlier setups is in how oxygen, water, and nutrients are circulated. In choosing a hydroponic system, efficiency, costs, space, and automation are the main factors. There are hydroponic setups that support only one plant; however, most systems have multiple plants sharing reservoirs. Because shared systems may cause plant roots to become entangled, it may be difficult to detach a plant without harming others in a shared system. On the other hand, shared hydroponic systems simplify the management of your plants' feeding schedule and their general health.
After determining your hydroponic system, the next step is to decide on the growth medium. The growth medium in a hydroponic setup is not primarily responsible for providing nutrients to the plant as it is in soil. The growth medium's purpose is to support the plant and deliver nutrients to the root area. You may use inert grow mediums in some grow setups, such as coco coir, rockwool, pea gravel, or sand. You may also use hydroton pellets or a perlite medium as your grow medium.
In addition to the hydroponics system, you should support your grow area with grow lights to protect the health and yield size of your cannabis crop. A sunny patio or deck is a perfect site for outdoor cultivation, where permitted. That way, you may not have to augment your outdoor grow area with grow lights as required with indoor growing.
After obtaining your hydroponic starter kit (containing your grow medium), you should purchase an oscillating fan, hangers for grow lights, a carbon filter, and cannabis seeds. Upon gathering these basic supplies, you should:
A marijuana grow box is a compact enclosed container that creates an optimum environment for growing marijuana plants. Marijuana grow boxes enable users to maximize limited indoor growing space. A grow box helps cultivators create a controlled habitat for their plants to thrive. By using a grow box to grow marijuana, you can avoid severe weather and pest challenges.
Although grow boxes vary in terms of price, size, quality, and equipment included, you are likely to find the following in pre-made grow boxes:
You may grow marijuana in a soil grow box or a hydroponic grow box. By growing marijuana in a hydroponic grow box, you can accurately provide the correct amounts and the exact kinds of nutrients required by your plants in order to maximize overall yield. Using a soil grow box requires more maintenance operations, and yields are unlikely to be as large as in a hydroponic box.
You can either purchase your grow box as a pre-built kit or make one from scratch. Building your own grow box may cost less than a pre-built kit, but specific components may not function optimally. In order to make a grow box from scratch, you will need the following tools:
Once you have acquired or built your grow box, you should conduct a test by turning on the lights and inspecting it for light leakage. Any holes or cracks that permit light in will also let light out. If discovered, you should patch the cracks with light-proof tape or with a minimum of two layers of gaffer tape. Note that a gaffer tape is semi-translucent; hence, one layer will not be enough to patch the holes. Keeping the grow box airtight is also important to ensure that the plant's smell as it matures does not escape beyond the confines of the grow area.
A well-sealed grow box also makes maintaining temperature control easier. Temperature regulation relies on a sealed environment. A well-sealed grow box serves as a quarantine cell for your plants, keeping pests, mice, and airborne pathogens out. A single mouse may do significant harm to multiple cannabis plants in a single night, particularly young plants, as they are voracious eaters of nutrient-dense cotyledons and young stalks.
Moving air is required for healthy cannabis. At least one oscillating fan is needed to keep the air moving in any grow box. At a minimum, the supplied air should ruffle all of the leaves on a plant to guarantee that fresh air is accessible to the leaf stomata. In still environments, stale air may accumulate on the undersides of leaves near the stomata, preventing efficient gas exchange. This has the unintended consequence of suppressing plant development; stems become weak, leaves droop, and plant performance suffers.
Proper ventilation significantly strengthens plants; stems and stalks get thicker and more robust, and final yields increase. Moving air also helps with the wet-dry cycle of the growth media by encouraging evaporation. Furthermore, it keeps infections at bay by preventing moisture accumulation on leaves as they evaporate. Molds thrive in wet, warm environments.
With a bigger budget, implementing an air exchange will bring more efficiency to your growth system by stimulating quicker plant development. An intake for new air and an exhaust for depleted air are required for air exchange. You may also install a carbon filter into the exhaust system to reduce the odor from the grow box.
Cannabis flourishes in environments with properly managed humidity and temperature, with some conditions ideal for vegetation and others suitable for flowering. A dehumidifier can readily adjust humidity; they are also available as double-action devices that can vary humidity as needed. A humid and warm environment accelerates growth during the vegetative phase, while lower humidity and temperatures accelerate bud formation.
Small, portable reverse cycle AC units may be used to regulate temperatures. Many humidity-modifying units and heaters have built-in thermostats and hygrometers, allowing them to turn on and off as needed. Simply set them to the desired temperature and humidity levels, and you can ensure that your cannabis plants are thriving at every step. After building an environment to cultivate your own cannabis, you'll need to determine whether to grow marijuana organically or with nutrients and then choose the right strains to provide good yields.
Texas does not allow residents to cultivate or grow marijuana outdoors. State agencies provide no instructions or regulations on how to grow marijuana outside. However, there are online resources providing general instructions on how to grow marijuana outdoors.
It takes about 10 - 32 weeks for cannabis to grow from seed to harvest. However, other factors may also extend or shorten this period. Such factors include the cannabis strain cultivated, the setup, the desired yield, and whether or not cultivation is done indoors or outdoors.
If you get an auto-flowering strain, the resulting cannabis plants may start budding in about a month and be ready for harvest in 3 months. If you use clones, the whole seed to harvest period can be shortened by up to 5 weeks. It may take between 8 - 10 weeks for marijuana grown indoors to flower, while cannabis grown outdoors typically takes 3 - 6 months to be ready for harvest. If you use a hydroponic setup instead of soil in your cultivation, the cultivation period will be shortened.
Germination (1 week): Germination occurs at the very beginning of the life of a cannabis plant. By adding water to the seed, the hormones in the seed are activated. A seed may be fragile, but it contains the capacity needed to develop into a strong cannabis plant. When a seed detects moisture around it, the cells in the seed start dividing and forming into plant parts starting with developing a taproot.
A sprout will push its head up and out of the soil after taking roots in the growth medium in order to get light. This occurs after 3 - 7 days and marks the beginning of the plant's next stage of development as it transforms into a young seedling.
A proper germination process is essential to producing healthy plants with high yields. A plant that does not get off to a good start is more likely to be under-productive or prone to fungus or rot. Some seeds will not germinate because they are either too old, a dud (dead seed), or cannot absorb enough water to soften their outer shells.
Seedling (1 - 2 weeks): As the sprout emerges from the growing medium, two little leaves appear on top. These are known as cotyledons, which supply the energy required for the early stages of development when photosynthesis starts. A few days later, the first leaves emerge from the center. As the plant matures into its vegetative condition, the cotyledons become yellow and fall off.
The plant's leaf development will be relatively modest for the next 10 - 14 days as it strives to create a robust root system. Creating a secure, healthy root foundation for itself helps the plant have adequate support to sustain its development. The root system is also essential for nutrient absorption.
Vegetative (4 - 8 weeks): Cannabis plants enter their vegetative phase 2 - 3 weeks following germination. During this stage of the cycle, much development occurs in both the root area and the plant's main structure. Also, branching activity will increase, and little shoots will emerge from the leaf nodes.
The time it takes for vegetation to develop depends on a number of factors including whether the plant is cultivated indoors or outdoors. If a seedling is transplanted outdoors, the duration of the vegetative stage will vary depending on when and where it is planted. Vegetation will end as the number of daylight hours decreases near the end of summer.
Growers have complete control over plants' light cycle while growing indoors. Cannabis plants may be maintained in their vegetative condition by keeping a light schedule of 18 hours indoors. Therefore, they can be cultivated for as long as required until you place them outdoors or move to a photoperiod of 12/12, during which they only have 12 hours of daylight.
Flowering (6 - 16 weeks): When growing outdoors, the flowering process is gradual, but when growing indoors, the sudden reduction in the number of light hours compels plants to flower, resulting in a time of rapid growth. Plants will sometimes double or treble in growth 2-3 weeks after switching to a 12/12 light cycle.
Also, in the flowering stage, the cannabis plant begins to exhibit signs of its sex. Preflowers will start to emerge around the branch internodes and the main stem. Female cannabis plants will have little calyxes with white pistil hairs, but male flowers will resemble small, green pollen sacs. A male plant will not generate buds (the flowers). Males will attempt to pollinate females if they are not removed from the same grow area and are usually an issue because this will result in seeds.
After the first few weeks of flowering, female plants begin to produce many calyxes around the node regions. The formation of resin starts with the formation of trichomes surrounding bud sites, which coat the calyxes and other leaf regions. If the conditions are right, a cannabis plant will continue to produce until full sexual maturity. Flowering takes a certain period of time indoors, depending on the strain's genetics. Sativa dominant strains may blossom in as little as 6 or 7 weeks, while Indicas might take up to 16 weeks or more.
When the trichomes become amber or cloudy, the plant has completed its cycle. At this stage, calyxes frequently plump out, and the aroma is at its peak. This is when THC levels are at their peak. This alteration may also be seen in the pistil hairs, which begin to darken and curl inwards. Again, this might vary according to the strain, which may still have lots of white pistil hairs and be ready to harvest.
The harvesting period marks the end of a cannabis plant's life when it begins to die. To minimize crop damage, harvesting should occur before temperatures drop too much. Harvesting involves cutting down your plants, trimming them, and hanging them upside down to dry. Manicuring, also known as trimming, removes most of the leaves while the plant is still damp, which helps preserve the trichomes. If you manicure a plant when it is dry, the trichomes break off readily, resulting in loss of flavor and potency.